Instructional Shifts in English Language Arts (ELA)/Literacy

  1. Balancing Informational & Literacy Texts PK-5
  2. Knowledge in the Disciplines 6-12
  3. Staircase of Complexity
  4. Text-based Answers
  5. Writing from Sources
  6. Academic Vocabulary 

The Balance of Informational and Literary Texts in K-5

Instructional Shifts in Math

  1. Focus
  2. Coherence
  3. Fluency
  4. Deep Understanding
  5. Applications Dual Intensity

The Mathematics Standards: Key Changes and Their Evidence